At one point, milosz depicts a meeting between a communist from the west, full of illusions and a longing to be there in the lands of socialist construction, and a communist from the east, who knows the score. The author of one such book, robert conquest, an englishman who spent many years at stanfords hoover institution, has died at 98, having outlived the soviet union that he helped to kill with. The human cost of the gulag, the soviet labor camp system in which millions of people were imprisoned between 1920 and 1956, was staggering. Literally the peoples commissariat for internal affairs, this was the name of the ussr secret police between 1934 and 1946. He cleverly gained and maintained control of the communist ussr and today is.
They can make it impossible for any intellectually honest. In 1968, five years before the first volume of aleksandr solzhenitsyns the gulag archipelago was published in the west, conquest published the great terror, a history of joseph stalins. Annotated bibliography primary sources applebaum, anne iron curtain. Inthe red army and the great terror, peter whitewood advances an entirely new explanation for stalins actionsan explanation with the potential to unlock the mysteries that still surround the great terror, the surge of political repression in the late 1930s in which over one million soviet people were imprisoned in labor camps and over 750,000. In late 1997 a leading french publishing house, robert laffont, published le livre noir du communisme the black book of communism, an 850page book of scholarly essays that collectively provide a history of communism in the 20th century. Stalin had to fight his way to political succession, but ultimately declared himself dictator in 1929. The great purge, also known as the great terror, was a brutal political campaign led by soviet dictator joseph stalin to eliminate dissenting members of the. The second book in rogovins sevenvolume series was there an alternative is a magnificent account of the political struggle waged by stalins opponents in the ussr. Robert conquest, historian who documented soviet horrors. Robert conquest was the scholar who coined the term great terror, and he claims that about 9 million people were imprisoned in the ussr by the end of 1939. The great terror of the 1930s the suppressors and the.
Ben macintyre tells the story of mi6 agent oleg gordievskys rescue from moscow in 1985 with elegance and wit. Joseph stalin was one of the most influential dictators of the 20th century. Spam or selfpromotional the list is spam or selfpromotional. Apr 06, 2015 the causes of the great terror in the soviet union in the 1930s. Vadim rogovin 19371998 was a doctor of philosophical sciences at the institute of sociology of the russian academy of sciences in moscow from the late 1970s until his death. Conquests book proved to be of enormous value as anticommunist propaganda. The definitive work on stalins purges, robert conquests the great terror was. Because of this the soviet economy did not take a hit like that of the capitalist countries whos economies were closely int. A gripping tale of escape from the ussr books gulf news. Prior to this he had worked in the field of literary and aesthetic criticism. Friends, families, and aquaintences of his victims are also rounded up and exiled to siberian work camps for years, even decades. Stalin reasoned that parents were more likely to confess to trumpedup charges of subversion and disloyalty if they knew their. Anthony powell once wrote of robert conquest that he had a capacity for taking enormous pains in relation to any enterprise in hand.
Dec 16, 2015 perhaps his most wellknown book, the great terror, is a universallypropagated anticommunist text on the subject of the power struggle that took place in the soviet union in 1937. Stalins purge of the thirties, with respect to the trials of former leaders, some western observers were unintentionally or intentionally ignorant of the fraudulent nature of the charges and evidence, notably walter duranty of the new york times, a russian speaker. Robert conquest lies about socialism, stalin and the ussr. One of the most important books ever written about the soviet union, the great terror revealed to the west for the first time the true extent and. In the red army and the great terror, peter whitewood advances an entirely new explanation for stalins actionsan explanation. The great purge of stalinist russia guided history bu blogs. Origins and consequences by vadim rogovin 29 december 1998 this lecture was delivered by professor vadim rogovin at the university of melbourne in australia on may 28, 1996. How was the soviet union affected by the great depression. The late english historian robert conquest devoted much of his life to finding, rigorously documenting, and publishing the truth regarding what transpired in the soviet union between wwi and wwii. Central to the b team interpretation has been robert conquests history of stalins purges of the communist party in the soviet. Dzerzhinsky could simply explain the organisations work. Stalin uses several waves of purges to arrest, try, and execute his political competetor and opponents.
In this book, grover furr answers the central questions concerning the mass repressions known as the ezhovshchina or, by. Known as the great terror or the great purge, the soviet secret police arrested millions of people, including government officials, scientists, artists, and. This is by far the most serious work on the period. He cleverly gained and maintained control of the communist ussr and today is considered both a monster and a revolutionary. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. This book focuses entirely on stalins rise from lenins successor as soviet headofstate to absolute dictator. Perhaps his most wellknown book, the great terror, is a universallypropagated anticommunist text on the subject of the power struggle that took place in the soviet union in 1937. The causes of the great terror in the soviet union in the 1930s. Whether youve loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. In the same period, more than a million others were. The great terror seventeen moments in soviet history. Stalins purge of the soviet military modern war studies whitewood, peter on. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books youve read.
Dec 21, 2019 the second book in rogovins sevenvolume series was there an alternative is a magnificent account of the political struggle waged by stalins opponents in the ussr in the years following leon. A book s total score is based on multiple factors, including the number of people who have voted for it and how highly those voters ranked the book. In 1968, conquest published what became his bestknown work, the great terror. Stalin is the first accurate account of the socalled great terror in the soviet union in 19371938. Russian editors in the postsoviet era, savoring a newfound freedom, published excerpts from the great terror and other conquest works. Stalins purge of the thirties, the first comprehensive research of the great purge, which took place in the soviet union between 1934 and 1939. Vladimir lenins new economic policy, a retreat from orthodox marxism, allowed a degree of private. Aleksandr solzhenitsyn and others after him have written movingly about the gulag, yet never has there been a thorough historical study of this unique and tragic episode in soviet history. The couples relocation to the soviet union coincided with what came to be known as the great terror, involving arrests, blacklistings, deportations and executions of soviet citizens from all walks of life. There was no obvious government body that could hold back the work of the cheka. The great terror texts seventeen moments in soviet history. Classroom country profiles stalin s purges and the gulag. According to robert conquest in his 1968 book the great terror. Conquests book, there could still be doubt about these matters.
What stalins great terror can tell us about russia today. In the early 1930s, a famine developed in the ukraine. The forsaken tim tzouliadis soviet purges of the 1930s. Leon trotsky, once the secondmost important theorist of soviet dogma after lenin, was exiled to central asia in 1928 and then forced to leave the ussr in 1929.
Peter solomon also offers new perspectives on collectivization, the great terror, the politics of abortion, and the disciplining of the labor. The red army and the great terror university press of kansas. The contributors to the book include some of the finest scholars from both east and west, who have drawn extensively on new archival findings. Stalins purge of the thirties, which first made comprehensive information. The final chapter deals specifically with the great purge and the unique effects this oppression had on soviet society in everyday dealings. The book is full of truly staggering numbers and data that will shock western readers. When the great terror was first published in 1968, it was universally acclaimed as one of the most important books ever written about the soviet union. Conquests title was also an evocative allusion to the period that was called the reign.
Petersburg in 1918 was explained away as those executed. This groundbreaking book presents the first comprehensive. Upon stalins rise to power, some members of the former bolshevik party began to question his authority. Keywords terror, purge, stalin, trotsky, ussr, rogovin tcpdf. Incorrect book the list contains an incorrect book please specify the title of the book. Updating his original work the great terror with a vast amount of new data, conquest scrupulously details and puts into context the purges themselves. The case of leon trotsky 1937 testimony of leon trotsky answering the charges from. The couple had a tremendous fight, and stalin ordered the arrest of the students who had informed his wife of the disaster. Texts attacks on bukharin and rykov ordzhonikidze speech stalin on deficiencies in party work mass repressions end of the purges announced bukharin and his trial autobiography of an exile letter on. The work leading to this report was supported in part by contract or grant funds provided by the national council for eurasian and east european research, funds which were made available by. The case of the trotskyitezinovievite terrorist centre 1936 moscow trials the witchcraft trial in moscow, friedrich adler 1936 the red book. Works both fictional and historical about the purges and show trials that characterized the soviet union from 1937 to hitlers invasion of russia. Robert conquests the great terror, a reassessment, is they definitive english language work on stalins purges.
The contributors to the book include some of the finest scholars from both east and west, who have drawn. This volume examines the bloodiest period of the stalinist repression of political opposition in the soviet union, debunking the myth that the great purges were merely the product of stalins paranoia and had no overriding political logic. This book updates the information supplied by conquests previous the great terror. The truth about mass repressions and the socalled great terror in the ussr yezhov vs. As patton said at the end of the war, we fought the wrong. The great terror appeared just four years after the removal of soviet premier nikita khrushchev. It gave rise to an alternate title of the period in soviet history known as the great purge. It would be useful to the western world to realize that despite all the vicissitudes by which russia has been afflicted since august 1939, the men in the kremlin have never abandoned their faith in that program of territorial and political expansion which had once commended itself so strongly to tsarist diplomatists.
Hiroaki kuromiya uncovers in the archives the hushed voices of the condemned, and he chronicles the lives of dozens of individuals who shared the same dehumanizing fate. Fitzpatricks book outlines the impact that stalinism imposed on everyday life throughout the 1930s. Stalins purge of the thirties is a book by british historian robert conquest which was published in 1968. History books can be historic events, making history by ending important arguments. The great terror, a retrospective term which historians have borrowed from the french revolution, refers to the paroxysm of stateorganized bloodshed that overwhelmed the communist party and soviet society during the years 193638. Largescale purges struck the country, targeting all levels of societyincluding children. For readers interested in the ascendency of stalinism in russia this is the. The book is being published in both cloth and paperback and will be available by the end of the month. In this book, grover furr answers the central questions concerning the mass repressions known as the ezhovshchina or, by anticommunists, the great terror. One of his most powerful treatises is harvest of sorrow.
Soviet criminal justice under stalin is the first comprehensive account of stalins struggle to make criminal law in the ussr a reliable instrument of rule, emphasizing the initial weakness of the soviet state and the limits of stalins capacity to rule. Stalins 193638 terror, or western liberals inability to recognize it. The book contains literally hundreds of names, and listeners will have to be content with not being able to keep track of everyone mentioned. Upon becoming the clear leader of the ussr, stalin began installing loyalists to leadership positions and expelling opponents, including many of lenins former allies. Soviet collectivization and the terrorfamine new york. The book has had some criticism from the far left, but conquest has been largely vindicated by the now open soviet archives. Even though this book is written by a person who did not experience the great terror. Between the summer of 1936 and 1938, the regime of joseph stalin summarily executed 750,000 soviet citizens without trial or any legal process. He describes the seasoned, eastern communist as follows. During the ensuing great terror, which included the notorious show trials of stalins former bolshevik opponents in 19361938 and reached its peak in 1937 and 1938, millions of innocent soviet. No specialist on stalins years in power can afford to miss this book. I thought again of my fathers friend the engineer when i read czeslaw milosz great book the captive mind. Soviet union, where it is now considered the definitive account of the period. The great purge of stalinist russia guided history.
Because the ussr was the only communist state at the time, it had minimal trade contact with the rest of the world. The reception of robert conquests the great terror springerlink. This organization was able to operate independently of judicial control, often imprisoning, torturing and executing people without any trail. Scholars of soviet history began to employ the great terror, as a designation for this period of soviet history. Now it can be told, even in russia the new york times. This book is the first to attempt to retrieve their stories and reconstruct their lives, drawing upon recently declassified archives of the former soviet secret police in kiev. The antistalin paradigm the goal of my recent book, yezhovvs. Jul 28, 2017 robert conquest was the scholar who coined the term great terror, and he claims that about 9 million people were imprisoned in the ussr by the end of 1939. So began the great terror, the aptly named period when stalin effectively liquidated all traces of opposition to his rule. Was it really kirovs murder that started it all off. On the moscow trial 1936 analysis of the first moscow trial by leon sedov the zinoviev trial, by d. The great terror is a book of enormous importance because it was the first book on. It is beyond dispute that, forty years after the publication of the great terror, this judgment requires no reassessment.
This book gives a big i told you so from hitler regarding how bad the soviet communist empire was. Stalins purge of the soviet military modern war studies. As a researcher at the institute of sociology, rogovin studied and wrote about the existence and growth of social inequality in the ussr and. The timing of the books publication could not have been better. Soviet union leader vladimir lenin, head of the bolshevik party, died in 1924. Jan 03, 2008 robert conquests the great terror, a reassessment, is they definitive english language work on stalins purges.735 1389 442 1306 181 711 985 1552 904 912 541 1014 1118 1611 95 953 654 1571 1190 1313 1028 940 322 1340 498 628 593 462 382 957 1339 130 1047 74 305 722 807 1390 622 1324 1428 287